Cyber Loss Prevention Challenge

Cyber Loss Prevention Challenge

This robot solves the Cyber Loss Prevention Challenge.

The Cyber Loss Prevention team at Eagle One Financial has reached out to you for help: Help the team by scraping all the leaked credit card numbers available for sale at "Ryan’s Club", run them against a database of Eagle One Financial customers to identify if any of Eagle One’s customers have been impacted, and capture the details for each impacted customer in a CSV so that Eagle One Financial can proactively deactivate and re-issue cards for impacted customers.

The robot code

Note: There is no one and only "correct" solution. This is just one example of how you might use Robocorp to solve this challenge.

The robot is split into multiple files.


The tasks.robot file defines the high-level task. The keywords are split to separate robot files to avoid a long robot file. The separate robot files are imported using the Resource definition in the Settings section.

This robot uses the following libraries:

*** Settings ***
Documentation     Completes the Cyber Loss Prevention challenge.
Resource          csv.robot
Resource          database.robot
Resource          scraper.robot
Resource          shared.robot

*** Tasks ***
Complete the Cyber Loss Prevention challenge
    ${eagle_one_financial_page}=    Open the Eagle One Financial website
    Open the Ryan's Club website
    Log in to Ryan's Club website
    Accept cookies
    Open the credit card dump page
    ${credit_card_dump_data}=    Scrape credit card dump data
    Switch Page    ${eagle_one_financial_page}[page_id]
    Download the customer database
    ...    Query compromised customers from database
    ...    ${credit_card_dump_data}
    Fill in cancellations CSV    ${compromised_customers}
    Upload cancellations CSV
    Take a screenshot of the result

*** Keywords ***
Open the Eagle One Financial website
    New Context    userAgent=Chrome/100.0.4896.75
    ...    New Page
    [Return]    ${eagle_one_financial_page}

Open the Ryan's Club website
    Click    text="Ryan's Club Login"
    Switch Page    NEW

Take a screenshot of the result
    Sleep    1 second
    Take Screenshot    selector=css=#myModal .modal-content


There are a couple of libraries that are needed in multiple robot files. These are placed in the shared.robot file, which can then be imported to other robot files.

*** Settings ***
Library           Collections
Library           RPA.Browser.Playwright


The scraper.robot contains the web scraping logic for the credit card dump data.

The login credentials are retrieved from the vault.

The robot figures out the number of pages it needs to scrape by looking at the pager element.

It scrapes the data from the table on each page and returns a list of dictionaries containing the customer and card data.

*** Settings ***
Library           RPA.Robocorp.Vault
Library           String
Resource          shared.robot

*** Keywords ***
Log in to Ryan's Club website
    ${secret}=    Get Secret    ryansClub
    Fill Secret    id=email    ${secret}[username]
    Fill Secret    id=password    ${secret}[password]
    Sleep    0.5s
    Click    id=login

Accept cookies
    Click    id=onetrust-accept-btn-handler

Open the credit card dump page
    Click    css=a.btn[href="automationanywherelabs-ryansclub_ccdumps_349473.html"]

Scrape credit card dump data
    ${page_count}=    Get page count
    ${credit_card_dump_data}=    Create List
    FOR    ${counter}    IN RANGE    1    ${page_count} + 1
        ${rows}=    Get Elements    css=#transactions tr
        FOR    ${row}    IN    @{rows}
            ${card_number}=    Get cell text    ${row}    1
            ${card_number_start}=    Fetch From Left    ${card_number}    *
            ${expiration}=    Get cell text    ${row}    2
            ${level}=    Get cell text    ${row}    3
            ${brand}=    Get cell text    ${row}    4
            ${card_type}=    Get cell text    ${row}    5
            ${last_name}=    Get cell text    ${row}    6
            ${city_and_state}=    Get cell text    ${row}    7
            ${city}=    Fetch From Left    ${city_and_state}    ;
            ${state}=    Fetch From Right    ${city_and_state}    ;
            ${zip}=    Get cell text    ${row}    8
            ${country}=    Get cell text    ${row}    9
            ...    Create Dictionary
            ...    card_number=${card_number}
            ...    card_number_start=${card_number_start}
            ...    expiration=${expiration}
            ...    level=${level}
            ...    brand=${brand}
            ...    card_type=${card_type}
            ...    last_name=${last_name}
            ...    city=${city}
            ...    state=${state}
            ...    zip=${zip}
            ...    country=${country}
            Append To List    ${credit_card_dump_data}    ${data}
        IF    ${counter} != ${page_count}
            Click    css=li.pager:last-child
    [Return]    ${credit_card_dump_data}

Get page count
    ...    Get Attribute
    ...    css=.dataTable-pagination .ellipsis + li a
    ...    data-page
    [Return]    ${page_count}

Get cell text
    [Arguments]    ${row}    ${cell_index}
    ${text}=    Get Text    ${row} >> css=td:nth-child(${cell_index})
    ${text}    Strip String    ${text}
    [Return]    ${text}


The customer data is stored in an SQLite database. The robot downloads the database file using the RPA.HTTP library, connects to the database using the RPA.Database library, and uses SQL to query each of the customers found in the credit card data dump. If a match is found, that customer is compromised and needs to be reported using the cancellation CSV file.

The Catenate keyword is used to break the SQL statement on multiple lines for better readability.

*** Settings ***
Library           RPA.Database
Library           RPA.HTTP
Resource          shared.robot

*** Variables ***
${CUSTOMER_DATABASE}=    ${OUTPUT_DIR}${/}CustomerData.db

*** Keywords ***
Download the customer database
    ...    Get Attribute
    ...    css=a >> text="Customer Database Download"
    ...    href
    RPA.HTTP.Download    ${database_download_url}    ${CUSTOMER_DATABASE}

Query compromised customers from database
    [Arguments]    ${customers}
    Connect To Database    sqlite3    ${CUSTOMER_DATABASE}
    ${compromised_customers}=    Create List
    FOR    ${customer}    IN    @{customers}
        ${query}=    Catenate    SEPARATOR=${SPACE}
        ...    SELECT
        ...    cu.customer_id,
        ...    cu.first_name,
        ...    cu.last_name,
        ...    ca.card_number,
        ...    ca.cvv,
        ...    ca.brand
        ...    FROM customer_details cu
        ...    JOIN card_details ca
        ...    ON cu.customer_id =
        ...    WHERE cu.last_name = "${customer}[last_name]"
        ...    AND = "${customer}[country]"
        ...    AND = "${customer}[zip]"
        ...    AND = "${customer}[city]"
        ...    AND cu.state = "${customer}[state]"
        ...    AND ca.level = "${customer}[level]"
        ...    AND ca.brand = "${customer}[brand]"
        ...    AND ca.card_number LIKE "${customer}[card_number_start]%"
        ...    AND ca.expiration = "${customer}[expiration]"
        ...    AND ca.card_type = "${customer}[card_type]"
        ${rows}=    Query    ${query}    as_table=False
        IF    ${rows}
            Append To List    ${compromised_customers}    ${rows}[0]
    [Return]    ${compromised_customers}


The csv.robot contains the CSV logic. The Evaluate keyword executes a Python expression that transforms each customer data dictionary into a comma-separated string that is then appended to the CSV file. Finally, the CSV file is uploaded.

*** Settings ***
Library           OperatingSystem
Resource          shared.robot

*** Variables ***
${CANCELLATIONS_CSV}=    ${OUTPUT_DIR}${/}cancellations.csv

*** Keywords ***
Fill in cancellations CSV
    [Arguments]    ${customers}
    Copy File
    ...    %{ROBOT_ROOT}${/}resources${/}cancellations_template.csv
    FOR    ${customer}    IN    @{customers}
        ...    Evaluate
        ...    ','.join(map(str, ${customer}))
        Append To File
        ...    ${CANCELLATIONS_CSV}
        ...    ${comma_separated_string}${\n}

Upload cancellations CSV
    Upload File By Selector    id=fileToUpload    ${CANCELLATIONS_CSV}
    Click    id=btnUploadFile

Take a screenshot of the result

Finally, the robot takes a screenshot of the result modal.

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